Eggplant (Solanum melongena) is a species of nightshade commonly known in British English as aubergine. It is also known as melongene, garden egg, or guinea squash. It is known in South Asia, Southeast Asia and South Africa as brinjal. It bears a fruit of the same name (commonly either “eggplant” in American and Australian English or “aubergine” in British English) that is widely used in cooking, most notably as an important ingredient in dishes such as moussaka and ratatouille. As a member of the genus Solanum, it is related to both the tomato and the potato (Wikipedia, n.d.).

Allergy Alert:

Eggplants are fruits related to potatoes, tomatoes, peppers and tobacco. Known as the nightshade family, allergic reactions to this group of plants is relatively common. Although rare, allergies exclusive to eggplants may arise from a number of different factors. These include large concentrations of histamines, other alkaloids, allergenic proteins, phytosterols and pigments. Depending on your symptoms and the cause of your allergy, reactions to eggplants can range from mild to severe (Lee, 2013).

Common Uses:

Eggplant is used in the cuisine of many countries. It is often stewed, as in the French ratatouille, or deep fried as in the Italian parmigiana di melanzane, the Turkish karnıyarık or Turkish and Greek musakka/moussaka, and Middle-Eastern and South Asian dishes. Eggplants can also be battered before deep-frying and served with a sauce made of tahini and tamarind (Wikipedia, n.d.).

Nutritional Information:

Amount Per 1 cup, cubes (82 g)
Calories 20
% Daily Value*
Total Fat 0.2 g 0%
Saturated fat 0 g 0%
Polyunsaturated fat 0.1 g
Monounsaturated fat 0 g
Cholesterol 0 mg 0%
Sodium 2 mg 0%
Potassium 188 mg 5%
Total Carbohydrate 4.8 g 1%
Dietary fiber 2.5 g 10%
Sugar 2.9 g
Protein 0.8 g 1%
Vitamin A 0% Vitamin C 3%
Calcium 0% Iron 1%
Vitamin D 0 µg Vitamin B-6 5%
Vitamin B-12 0% Magnesium 2%

Source Wikipedia. (Note: This is not intended to be used, as it was copied and pasted from a Google search)

Dietary Information and Related Articles:

Here is link to a website featuring a variety of eggplant recipes.